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Graphite: Complete Guide (2022)

graphite stone

In this post, we reveal everything you need to know about graphite, including its meaning, properties, types, colors, and uses. Let's get started!

Introduction

Discoveries of structures and elements have contributed to major progressions in the inventions and technology of the human race. One such element is graphite. This stone is extremely stable, versatile, and economical, which makes it a perfect addition to many areas of life. This article will cover the properties and uses of graphite.

  • Meaning Of Graphite
    • What is Graphite
      • Is Graphite a Mineral
      • Is Graphite a Crystal
      • Is Graphite Used in Pencils
      • Is Graphite a Natural Resource
    • What is Graphite Used for
      • Uses of Graphite in Our Daily Life
      • Uses of Graphite in Our Health
    • What is Graphite Made of
    • How is Graphite Made
    • Where is Graphite Found
      • Where is Graphite Found in the US?
        • Graphite Mines in the US
      • Graphite in India
  • Graphite Properties
  • Graphite Types
    • Natural Graphite
    • Flake Graphite
      • What is Flake Graphite
      • What is Flake Graphite Used for
  • Graphite Color
    • White Graphite
    • Black Graphite
  • Graphite Uses
    • Graphite Pencil
    • Graphite Powder
      • What is Graphite Powder
      • What is Graphite Powder Used for
    • Graphite Lubricant
      • Graphite Lubricant Uses
    • Graphite Paper
    • Graphite Battery
    • Graphite Spray
    • Graphite Rod
  • Galena and Graphite
  • Graphite Price
    • Graphite Price per Pound
    • Cost of Graphite per kg
    • Graphite Price per Gram
  • Conclusion

Meaning of Graphite

Graphite is a soft, black, lustrous form of carbon that occurs naturally and conducts electricity. It is also used in pencils, as a lubricant, and electrolytic anodes, among other things. 

What is Graphite? 

Graphite is an allotropic form of the element, carbon, with hexagonally arranged carbon atoms in one layer. These are also called graphene layers. 

Is Graphite a Mineral? 

Pure graphite is a mineral form of the element carbon. It is a naturally occurring form of carbon. 

Is Graphite a Crystal?

Yes, graphite is a crystal. It is a crystalline form of the element carbon. It is a hexagonal crystal. 

Is Graphite Used in Pencils? 

Yes, it gets its name from the Greek word ‘graphene’, which means to write since it was primarily used to make pencils. It is a crystalline, black, and lustrous substance that strikes black on paper. It is also highly moldable, which makes it perfect to be used in pencils. 

Is Graphite a Natural Resource? 

Yes, graphite is a naturally occurring crystalline form of the element carbon. It is easily available but takes thousands of years to form. It is found in metamorphic rocks and igneous rocks. 

What is Graphite Used for? 

Uses of Graphite in Our Daily Life

  • Pencil lead is probably the most common use of graphite in our daily life. It makes a mark on the paper by physical abrasion and is resistant to moisture, ultraviolet radiation, and most chemicals. 
  • The excellent conductive nature of graphite makes it the perfect element to use in batteries as the lithium-ion host structure for the negative electrode.
  • Graphene, a single layer of graphite because of its honeycomb structure, is part of phone chargers. 
  • Graphene is also used to make touch screens because of its transparency like glass and conductivity like metal.
  • It has also been used to make the sound delivery system on headphones, car brakes, electronic sensors, and most popularly as lubricants. Graphite can be used as a dry lubricant or a solid lubricant. 

Use of Graphite in Our Health 

There are varied uses for graphite and its versatile forms in medicine to improve our health. It can be used as an anti-cancer agent that works on the principle of the graphene molecules adhering to the cancer cells.

Graphite may also be used as a part of nerve implants that help improve injured nerve circuits. It is also used as a part of dental implants to increase its durability. It can also be used as a part of several diagnostic and therapeutic tools. 

What is Graphite Made of? 

Graphite is made of pure carbon. Carbon atoms can form many different structures because of the many ways they can form bonds. 

How is Graphite Made?

Graphite is formed under intensity and strain in metamorphic rocks‌ or sedimentary rocks that are near hot volcanic interruptions, which are warmed and changed by them. It starts as a carbon-rich store in the sedimentary stone, which might just have been coal, peat, or even oil.

It takes thousands of years to form and needs to be mined from the surface of the earth. Graphite can also be made synthetically in a lab by using a multitude of chemicals. 

Where is Graphite Found?

graphite stone

Graphite is found in countries including China, India, Brazil, North Korea, Canada, and the United States of America. 

Where is Graphite Found in the US?

Graphite is found in Alaska, Alabama, Colorado, Montana, New York, Pennsylvania, and Texas. There are also known graphite occurrences in California, Connecticut, Georgia, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Rhode Island, and Wyoming. 

Graphite Mines in the US

The largest known graphite deposit in the United States is the Graphite Creek deposit in Alaska. Although it is said that the US hasn't produced graphite since the 1950s, there are many other mines in Washington and Colorado, to name a few. 

Graphite in India 

Graphite occurrences are reported in various states, but the deposits of economic importance are ‌in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu. According to data, Arunachal Pradesh has the largest natural resource of graphite in India, followed by Jammu and Kashmir. 

Graphite Properties

Graphite is a grayish-black opaque substance that is soft because of weak Van Der Waal forces. It is a great conductor of electricity and heat. The stone is a crystalline solid that is lighter than diamond and smooth and slippery to the touch. It is also non-flammable. 

Graphite Types

There are two major types. Natural graphite and synthetic graphite. Synthetic graphite is made from coke and pith. 

Natural Graphite

Natural graphite is further divided into high crystalline graphite, amorphous graphite, and flake graphite. 

Flake Graphite

What is Flake Graphite?

Natural flake graphite forms when carbon material is exposed to high pressure and high temperature. The carbon source material can be ‌natural (organic) or inorganic. The pressure required is typically more noteworthy than 1 gigapascal (75,000 psi) and the temperature required is ‌higher than 750 degrees Celsius (1,380 F).

What is Flake Graphite Used for?

Electric, hybrid, and fuel cell vehicle manufacturing is one of the most common uses of flake graphite. An eco-accommodating vehicle or truck requires flake graphite to run. Graphite is a critical part of the lithium-particle batteries that electric and hybrid vehicles use. 

Flake graphite is additionally used in vanadium-redox batteries and atomic reactors. Nuclear atomic reactors encase uranium in large graphite balls.

Graphite Color

Black Graphite

Naturally occurring graphite is grayish black ‌and is soft to touch. 

White Graphite 

White graphite is a hexagonal boron and nitrogen structure that has a very similar structure to graphite and is therefore called white graphite. It is a synthetic ceramic produced under enormous pressure. 

Graphite Uses

Graphite Pencil 

graphite pencil drawing

Graphite is produced in different grades or degrees, as per the softness or hardness of the material. Various grades produce various kinds of imprints. The grade of the pencil is written on it, usually on the side. For drawing pencils, this is an alphanumeric value.

Graphite Powder 

What is Graphite Powder? 

Graphite powder is a powder type of graphite that holds the material’s innate primary and secondary properties. It is an exceptionally powerful lubricant and can help reduce friction between the two surfaces. 

What is Graphite Powder Used for?

It is usually used to make stains, electrodes, lubricants, brake linings, batteries, fertilizers, and glass manufacturing, among other things. 

Graphite Lubricant

It is a solid lubricant or a dry lubricant. It creates a quick-drying film that provides long-lasting lubrication.

Graphite Lubricant Uses

One of the most commonly used solid lubricants is graphite. Graphite lubricant is used in air compressors, the food industry, railway track joints, brass instrument valves, piano actions, open gear, ball bearings, and machine-shop works, among others.

Graphite Paper

Graphite paper is used to do a procedure called graphite transfer. This is a conventional strategy used by artists, originators, and craftsmen to move same-sized drawings from an initial surface to the last working surface. 

Graphite Battery

The anode in lithium-ion particle batteries is made from graphite. There are no substitutes for this. They are lighter and more impressive than conventional batteries and have a flat voltage profile, meaning they give practically full power until they run out of charge.

Graphite Spray

Graphite spray is graphite used as grease or lubricant for most household and everyday purposes. It can be used in any place where you want grease or where residue and soil could hinder you. Some examples are locks, key openings, air blowers, and hinges and latches of your entryways and doors. 

Graphite Rod

Graphite rods are used primarily in heat treating and electrochemical applications. They also contribute to the support beams or hearth rails to allow for thermal expansion.

Galena and Graphite

Galena is a lead sulfide mineral and one of the most common and useful ores of silver. There are many differences between these two to ‌tell them apart. Galena has a more metallic luster whereas graphite is duller. Galena is hard and crystalline, whereas graphite is amorphous. 

Graphite Price

Graphite Price per Pound

It is approximately $10 USD per pound of graphite. 

Cost of Graphite per kg

High-quality graphite can cost approximately $450 to $600 USD per kg. 

Graphite Price per Gram

It is around $0.5 to $1 USD per gram. 

Conclusion

Graphite is one of the more common allotropes of carbon. It is additionally the most steady allotrope of carbon and is subsequently used in electrochemistry as the standard state for defining the heat of the formation of carbon compounds. The versatility of graphite and graphene makes them a very important part of many technologies as well as chemical inventions.

Did You Enjoy This Article?

Thank you for reading! If you enjoyed this article, you might also like the following articles: Herderite: Complete Guide and Hessonite Garnet: Complete Guide.

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